Questions and Answers Re: Policing Services

Questions and Answers Re: Policing Services

This is a compilation of all of the questions and answers received to date, with the most recent first.

30. How does OPS conduct satisfaction surveys and what are their results.

In May of 2015 a Community Satisfaction survey was conducted as part of our Business Planning Cycle. It was an anonymous survey open to all members of our community. Survey Monkey was used as the venue for the survey and it was hosted on the Town of Orangeville website. The survey was promoted through our local media, the Orangeville Police website and Town of Orangeville website. The results of the survey are below. OPS has confirmed they are due for another survey as they progress through the new business plan.

  1. 303 Respondents and 97% from The Town Of Orangeville
  1. Activites You Would Like To See Your Police Service Concentrate High Attention On?
  • Drug Offences – 160 Responses
  • Bullying Prevention – Education For Parents & Children – 146 Responses
  • Increased Foot Patrols – 132 Foot Patrols
  • School Crime Prevention Programs – 120 Responses
  • Victim Assistance Programs – 116 Responses
  1. Orangeville is a Safe Town to Live In?
  • 86% Strongly Agree Or Somewhat Agree Orangeville Is A Safe Town To Life In
  1. How Satisfied Are You With The Current Services Provided By Orangeville Police Service?
  • 75% Were Very Satisfied, Satisfied Or Neither Satisfied Nor Dissatisfied
  1. Would You Say That Overall You Receive Good Value For The Cost?
  • 46% Responded Yes (Comments Range From Prompt Service – Community Involvement)
  1. If Yes, Why Do You Feel You Receive Good Value For The Cost? (84 Comments)
  • High Presence & Visibility In Town/Prompt/Local – Community Focused (66 Comments)
  • Safe Community (11)
  • Miscellaneous (7)
  1. If No, Why Do You Feel You Do Not Receive Good Value For The Cost? (127)
  • Highest Paid In Ontario? Overpaid, etc. (44)
  • Cost Of Litigation/Paid Suspensions (13)
  • Miscellaneous
  1. Based On Your Own Experiences, please Indicate Your Level Of Agreement With The Following Statements About Orangeville Police.
  • Courteous (99)
  • Professional (96)
  • Knowledgeable (87)
  • Approachable (87)
  1. What Do You Feel Are The Best Ways For The Orangeville Police To Communicate Information To The Public?
  • Social Media (206)
  • Orangeville Police Website (148)
  • Public Meetings (128)
  1. Please Indicate Your Agreement With The Following Statements
  • Orangeville Police Is Committed To Building Strong Partnerships With The Community – (89)
  • The Community Has Opportunity For Input Into Policing Priorities – (61)
  • Orangeville Police Have Good Knowledge Of Community Issues And Concerns – (64)
  • Orangeville Police Makes Considerable Effort To Educate The Public About Policing And Safety Issues. (49)
  1. What Message Would You Like To Send To Orangeville Police About Its Work In Your Community?
  • Many Commented On Pleased To Have An Opportunity To Provide Input As Result Of Survey
  • Lots Of Comments On Wanting To See Increased Traffic Enforcement On Their Street/ School, Etc.
  • Want To The Police To Be More Open And Transparent
  • More Crime Prevention Programs
  • Focus On Drugs
  • Feel The Chief Is Having A Positive Impact On The Rebuilding The Image Of The Orangeville Police
  • Want To See A Decline In The Legal Costs
  • Want Officers And Front Desk To Be Friendly, Approachable And Respectful

29. Can you advise how much money is in the Police reserve and if we are to go OPP and require Station upgrades can those costs be taken from Reserves? What would happen to the Police Reserve balance if the OPS was disbanded?

Currently the police have two reserves:

  • Police Fleet Reserves (replacement of vehicles) - $82,000
  • Police Gneral Reserves - $19.000

The reserves are allocated to the OPS; however these reserves are part of the Town's overall budget and Council has the authority to direct how reserve funds are allocated.

28. If the OPS is dissolved, would the employees who are hired on by the OPP qualify for severance dollars from the OPS?

Here is the link the to the current Orangeville Police Service Uniform Contract and the Orangeville Police Civilian Contract that is available to the public when you google Orangeville Police collective agreements. 

27. OPS has budgeted to generate an increase of User Fees in 2019 to $591,096 which is over a 70% increase of the 2018 Actual user fees revenue of $343,757. How close are the OPS to achieving these revenue projections? Are these revenues one time revenues or are they anticipating this review to be received yearly in the future?

The Town of Orangeville Municipal website posted a summarized budget line item called “User Fees” which consists of four (4) different cost recovery areas. They include Police Reports, Paid Duty officers, Police Auctions and the largest recovery source, Third Party Criminal Record Checks. The term “User Fees” excludes Communication Centre revenues for services provided to neighbouring municipalities in relation to dispatching of police and fire.

These cost recovery items are not a one-time recovery but actual annual revenue streams designed to reduce the tax levy on the citizens of Orangeville. The Orangeville Police Service revenues year to date for Reports, Paid Duty and Auctions are meeting or exceeding 2019 forecasts.

The last revenue stream is the Third (3rd) Party Criminal Records Checks which involve private companies paying the Orangeville Police Service for criminal record checks of their employees/clients and will likely fall short of the 2019 forecast. We expect to exceed the 2018 actual revenues of $275,289.00 but unfortunately will not achieve the forecasted 2019 budgeted amount $541,724.00. Our growth model and estimates were significantly impacted by the municipal announcement of another OPP costing process. New opportunities are either waiting for the OPP costing to be resolved or have chosen another competitor. We consider this trend to be an anomaly as the business model is sound and we expect to be meeting or exceeding expectations in 2020.

The Orangeville Police Service have mitigating strategies in place to ensure our overall 2019 budget stays balanced or in a surplus position by year end.

26. What other revenue source would be available from OPP?

There are no other revenue sources provided by the OPP.

25. With User fees and grants the OPS has budgeted revenue in 2019 at $1,946,967. Will we continue to receive provincial grants?

This question would need to be put forward to the grant providers. The OPP does not provide the grants.

24. What is the estimated revenues the Town can expect to receive from the OPP?

Municipalities will receive revenue from requested Collision reports, occurrence reports, criminal record checks and finger prints. The number of requests received for such items would determine the amount of revenue the Town would get.

23. Would the OPP provide insurance coverage as part of the base costs or is it an extra billable expense?

All insurance costs are the responsibility of the OPP.

22. Would the Town still need to have liability insurance for police if OPP provides insurance coverage?

Any financial instruments and/or assets owned by the Town (e.g. police building) stay with the Town. The Town will carry insurance liabilities for all assets.

21. Please provide a typical list of what is considered calls to service and what typical list is included in the Base model? i.e: Homicide investigation (CTS) and Traffic Stop (Base). In OPS’s annual report and Sept 9 Q & A it appears OPS considers every call a call to service so assuming you received copies of their 20,000+ calls to service list over the last few years, how many on that list would be considered calls to service and how many would be covered under the base i.e: 12,000 OPP calls to service + 8,000 in OPP base = 20,000 (OPS’s calls to service)?

Calls for service are measured from the Niche RMS application. OPS’ 20,000+ calls are taken from their CAD system. The consultant hired by the Town should be able to advise how many CFS from Niche data are billable.

20. In the OPP proposal it was mentioned we would still have a PSB which I assume was not part of the contract costs and would be billed separately. What would be the anticipated PSB expense for Orangeville and how much would the members be paid? Would we still have the same number of members (2 Council, 1 Council appointed and 2 provincial appointed), would we be paying for a board secretary as well? Can you provide us with a typical billing would be for a PSB?

Costs incurred by the PSB are the responsibility of the Town of Orangeville. The Municipality is responsible for maintaining this legislated board and would have public record of salaries and costs relating to costs. The PSB would change from a section 31 Police Service Board to a Section 10 Police Service Board. PSB compositions are part of the Police Service Act and governed by the Ministry of Solicitor General, Public Safety Division, not the OPP. It is up to the Town if they would pay for a board secretary. There is no billing associated to Police Service Boards from the OPP.

19. Our current PSB budget is $174,000, can the OPS board please provide the breakdown of how much of that is honorariums and board secretary salary and what the breakdown is for $174,000 in budget.

The $174,000 is broken down as follows:

  • Approx. $100,000 for salaries and benefits
  • Approx. $ 60,000 for legal and professional fees
  • Approx. $ 14,000 for other, e.g. memberships, conferences, workshops, etc.

18. What are the City of Orillia’s response times?

An inquiry was made for response times from the Orillia detachment area. The OPP does not track response times and this data is not available.

17. Does the OPP charge as a calls for service for 911 miss dials, pocket dials hangups?

The transition contract is based on FTE’s and not calls for service. In year 4, the Municipality transitions to our billing model. The calls for service in your municipality are billed based on your municipality’s portion of the provincial total for each call type. 911 calls including “miss-dials” and hang ups are within the billable category in year four.

16. Are the OPP’s dedicated canine team, dedicated school resources officer, dedicated foot patrol, and dedicated beat officer an enhancements or costs over and above the base level?

The services of foot patrol, school resource officers and canine teams are all provided as part of the base cost, however, they are not ‘dedicated’ positions to serve only the Town of Orangeville. The provision of these services is part of the OPP integrated service delivery model meaning that they are not the only function that officers may conduct and that they could also conduct them outside of the Town of Orangeville. There are no extra ‘fees’ for this service. 

15. What is the probation period for amalgamated officers?

The probationary period for amalgamating officers is one year. The probationary period that was served with your present Police Service is required by the Police Services Act of Ontario. However, the Public Service of Ontario Act requires that all provincial employees, including Ontario Provincial Police members serve a probationary period not to exceed one year. This probationary period is a statutory requirement.

14. What are the OPP Community Satisfaction Surveys? Please provide recent results.

OPP Community Satisfaction Surveys are telephone surveys with the general public run every 3 years at a detachment level and annually at a provincial level. The survey is a tool for gathering public opinion on policing issues and ratings of OPP service delivery. The task is outsourced to R.A. Malatest & Associates Ltd. The methodology for each survey is clearly indicated in the final reports.

Dufferin County Detachment 2018 Results

  • 97.7% of respondents in Dufferin County felt ‘very safe’ or ‘safe’ in their community.
  • 71.9% of respondents said Dufferin OPP were ‘very involved’ or somewhat involved’ in their community.
  • 92.2% of respondents were ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with the OPP’s ability to work with communities to solve local problems.
  • 82.4% of respondents were ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with the OPP’s visibility in their community.

Caledon Detachment 2018 Results

  • 98.7% of respondents in Caledon felt “very safe” or “safe” in their community.
  • 85.4% of respondents said Caledon OPP were “very involved” or “somewhat involved” in their community.
  • 93.6% of respondents were ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with Caledon OPP’s ability to work with communities to solve local problems .
  • 91% of respondents were ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with Caledon OPP’s visibility in their community.

Wellington County 2017 Results

  • 99.5% of respondents in Wellington County felt ‘very safe’ or ‘safe’ in their community.
  • 86.3% of respondents said Wellington County OPP were ‘very involved’ or ‘somewhat involved’ in their community.
  • 94.1% of respondents were ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with the OPP’s ability to work with communities to solve local problems.
  • 91.2% of respondents were ‘very satisfied’ or ‘satisfied’ with the OPP’s visibility in their community

13. In the OPP costing proposal there is mention of improvements to the Orangeville Police facility before OPP can use the facility. If these improvements or changes are required for the OPP to meet a certain safety or provincial standard why does the Orangeville Police not require these improvements to meet a provincial standard? What is the cost of these improvements? And if Orangeville requires them, is this cost even a factor in the decision as to which service is used in the Town since presumably both services will require the changes.

The OPP has a document that was created internally called the Detachment Facility Guidelines. Because the OPP has over 160 police buildings throughout the province, OPP requires certain standards that are consistent throughout these locations. Compliance to the Ontario Building Code, Accessibility for Ontarians Act, Youth Criminal Justice Act, Coroner’s Inquest Recommendations and the Police Services Act all contribute to the OPP Detachment Facility Guidelines. The document originally took minimum standards into consideration, however over the years and the number of new builds that have been completed, the OPP has adapted and enhanced the Detachment Facility Guidelines to incorporate efficiencies that improve the buildings’ operations and functionality for OPP members. The Town of Orangeville is required to comply with the codes and acts listed above, but does not have to follow the OPP Detachment Facility Guidelines.

In some portions of the C Line building, certain standards are not met. This is due to the fact that the building was completed prior to the pertinent Act being put in place and is essentially ‘grand-fathered’ in and not required to renovate. However, once certain renovations are required, compliance to the relevant Acts are also required. For example the front counter of the OPS building does not meet AODA standards which came into effect in 2005.

12. The following information is from the WSIB Compass web site which is available to the public. As per the WSIB, they indicate that Orangeville (the Corporation of the Town of Orangeville) is a schedule 1 client. This web site shows that Orangeville has experienced the following Lost Time Injury Rates as compared to all schedule 1 clients, where the Lost Time Injury Rate relates to how many FTEs (full time equivalents) were lost per 100 FTEs. This equates to a percentage of how many FTEs were lost or unavailable. Last year alone the Lost Time Injury Rate for Orangeville was over 400% higher than the average of all the schedule 1 clients. Besides showing what types of injuries are most common, it shows that the occupation of 'Police officers and Firefighters' accounts for 46%.

When contacted, the WSIB explained that as a schedule 1 client, there is the potential for a rebate or a surcharge depending on the number and size of the claims. However, they didn't indicate if Orangeville had been getting rebates or paying surcharges. Without having a police department under Orangeville's schedule 1, there would be the potential to achieve a larger rebate or less of a surcharge. When reviewing the Town's budget documentation, I couldn't find any reference to WSIB rebates or surcharges.

What is the financial status of the town's WSIB account? How much of a rebate are we getting or how much of a surcharge are we paying? And how much is the Police department a contributing factor?

The table below provides the total WSIB insurance premiums paid under Schedule 1 by the Town of Orangeville in 2018. The $183,761.79 police portion of the WSIB premium cost is in the OPS 2018 budget under benefits/compensation.


Total WSIB cost 2018 for Town of Orangeville not including Council members

$ 560,893.91

Uniform and Civilian Positions Police Services cost 2018

$ 179,836.27

Aux. Police WSIB Cost 2018

$ 3,925.52

WSIB Cost without OPS

$ 377,132.12

The table below provides the Town’s rebate/surcharge history for 2016 – 2018. Rebates/surcharges are received for the previous year. For example, the rebates received in 2018 were for 2017. This means we have not received the rebate/surcharge for 2018 yet.

The rate groups are composed as follows:

  • 845: fire, police and other general municipal staff
  • 817: library staff
  • 835: water/waste water staff


Rate Group









































$ 229,918.30

$ 10,010.43

The table below shows the cost of actual claims for police verses Town from 2016 to 2018 in rate group 845 (general municipal employees including police and fire).



Rest of Town










As you stated, Schedule 1 organizations pay premiums up front and receive rebates or surcharges depending on the number and size of the claims whereas Schedule 2 is a “pay as you go” type of insurance. There are no premiums in Schedule 2, but you pay dollar for dollar for your costs and don’t receive rebates or surcharges.

Under Schedule 1 there is the option of “sharing costs” of a claim.  For example is an employee is off work for a year, the claim is topped out at a maximum amount and then the rest of the costs are dumped into the rate pool. The cost is absorbed by the rate group pool. Under Schedule 2, the Town would have paid the full costs. This becomes expensive when there are longer term health claims such as cancer, PTSD, etc. Most Municipalities under Schedule 2 have extra insurance or a slush fund set aside to handle long-term claims.

With respect to your comment that lost time injury rate for Orangeville was over 400% higher than the average Schedule 1 clients, most Schedule 1 clients are businesses like Winners, A&W, etc. and do not include fire and police. If you click on this link you will see a comparison of the Town of Orangeville to Local Government Services (Rate Group: 845). This compares the Town that has fire and police to other government services that also have fire and police.

https://safetycheck.onlineservices.wsib.on.ca/safetycheck/explore/profile/10365601/ compare;ids=10365601,RG_845?lang=en

11. Can you expand on, what items the OPP considers as “optional and not necessarily required”, such as downtown foot patrol or increased traffic enforcement. Would this include the Officers placed to at schools?

I believe that this question refers to ‘Enhancements’. An enhancement is an OPP member that a municipality can choose to pay for as part of their contract for a dedicated function. Foot patrol, increased traffic enhancement and officers visiting schools are all regular duties that OPP members perform as part of their adequate and effective mandate. The school officer out of Dufferin Detachment is not an enhancement.  That member visits schools throughout the detachment area, but may also respond to other duties as assigned in any part of the detachment area. The current proposal already includes a second school resource officer in addition to the one in the Dufferin detachment, however, they will not necessarily be performing that role for their entire shift or in the summer months when school is out.

10. I found the following info from the WSIB Compass web site that is available to the public. As per the WSIB, they indicate that Orangeville (the Corporation of the Town of Orangeville) is a schedule 1 client. The web site also shows that Orangeville has experienced the following Lost Time Injury Rates compared to all schedule 1 clients where the Lost Time Injury Rate relates to how many FTEs (full time equivalents) were lost per 100 FTEs. This equates to a percentage of how many FTEs were lost or unavailable. The Lost Time Injury Rate for Orangeville in 2016 was at 1.65% compared to 0.95% for all Schedule 1 clients. In 2017, Orangeville was 1.84% vs 0.98%, and in 2018 Orangeville was 4.24% vs 1.00%. The WSIB Compass web site also shows a report for the Leading Types of Lost Time Injuries 2012 - 2018. Besides showing what types of injuries are most common, it shows that the Occupation of 'Police officers and firefighters' accounts for 46%. When contacted, the WSIB indicated that as a schedule 1 client, Orangeville is charged $3.15 per $100 of payroll. In addition, as a schedule 1 client, there is the potential for a rebate or a surcharge depending on the number and size of the claims. The WSIB did not indicate if Orangeville has been getting rebates or paying surcharges, however, without having a police department under Orangeville's schedule 1, there would be the potential to achieve a larger rebate or less of a surcharge. It seems reasonable that without the OPS, Orangeville's Lost Time Injury Rate average of 2.59%/yr over the last 3 years would be closer to the other schedule 1 clients' average of 0.98%/yr and would benefit Orangeville financially. Note that the OPP is a WSIB schedule 2 client. If the OPP were to assume the policing responsibilities for Orangeville, would the OPP pass along any additional costs to Orangeville if they incurred any WSIB claims / injuries?

Any costs incurred by members as a result of WSIB claims/injuries are not passed on to the municipality in either the transition contract or in the billing model.

9. When the OPS has uniform employees on stress or disability leave, I assume they don't let the level of community protection slip and back fill from the remaining force. For example, if 4 or 5 officers were on disability or stress leave, some of the remaining officers would need to pull some overtime to ensure that the level of protection in the community isn't diminished. If the OPP were awarded the police services contract for Orangeville and some of the assigned officers were on sick, stress or disability leave, would the OPP charge Orangeville the additional overtime costs above amount associated with having the 42 uniform FTE?

The level of protection required in any community may vary from day to day dependent on many different factors, known and unknown, including weather and community events. It is the responsibility of the Detachment Commander to ensure they have adequate coverage for the zones in their detachment area each day. If an event occurred that required additional police resources, the OPP has support from neighbouring zones and/or detachments and has the ability to dispatch additional on- duty resources to meet the needs of the event. If the OPP calls in members on overtime to backfill vacant positions at a detachment caused by a “shift shortage” there is no overtime cost billed to the municipality. The straight time worked is accounted for as regular hours of service, no overtime premium applies.

8. It's my understanding that OPP would be providing the level of expected UNIFORM staffing that the OPS currently has, which is 42 uniform FTE (full time equivalent).

The OPP is proposing 42 FTE uniform positions based on OPS’s authorized strength. OPS currently has 40 uniform members and are carrying 2 vacancies.

7. If town votes against OPP proposal, what is the contingency plan for reducing the OPS budget? Or is there a plan under the current administration?

Under the Police Services Act, the police services board submits operating and capital estimates to the municipal council to maintain the police force and provide it with equipment and facilities, and to pay the expenses of the board’s operation other than the remuneration of board members. The municipal council establishes the overall budget for the police services board but does not have the authority to approve or disapprove specific items.

Reducing the overall budget of OPS would be the responsibility of Town Council; however, if the police services board is not satisfied that the budget established for it by the municipal council is sufficient to maintain an adequate number of police officers or other employees of the police force or to provide the police force with adequate equipment or facilities, the police services board may request the Ontario Civilian Police Commission to determine the question of whether the budget is adequate or not after a hearing.

6. What is the ACTUAL cost increase or savings over the long term & short term - including the transition costs and any other “hidden” costs? What are the 2019 cost per household for OPS?

At its May 13, 2019 meeting, Council approved the hiring of a consultant to analyze the cost and services outlined in the Ontario Provincial Police Costing Proposal and the cost and services currently provided by the Orangeville Police Service. The motion included the analysis of service levels, cost of service, the cost of any enhancements required from the Ontario Provincial Police to equate to service currently provided by the Orangeville Police Service, and any other criteria necessary to effectively evaluate the cost of policing in the Town of Orangeville. The Town has hired the consultant. The consultant’s report will provide the cost increase or savings over the long term and short term and is scheduled to be presented to Council and the public at the October 21, 2019 Council meeting.

The 2019 budget for OPS without revenues and grants is $9,961,715; with revenue and grants the 2019 budget is $8,105,127. The total 2018 property count for Orangeville is 9851, which includes residential and commercial and industrial occupied. Using these numbers the per property without revenues and grants is $1,011.00 and with revenues and grants is $822.77.

Update:  As of October 29, 2019, MPAC reported the total household count for the Town as 11,527 (residential and occupied commercial and industrial). The difference between a "household count" and a "property count" is that all units in a mutli-residential property are included in the household count.  In a property count, a multi-residential property is counted as one unit.  OPP uses household counts.

5. What happens to existing OPS staff in the event of OPP services being assigned to Orangeville? If employees are severed, what is the severance package the town would provide them?

Pages 27 to 29 from the OPP Information Manual explains the Hiring Process for Municipal Officers and Civilian Staff. Severance packages would be as per the contracts with police officers and civilian staff with the Ontario Civilian Police Commission overseeing the process.

4. When I was in business we use to have a metric which compared costs associated with providing our primary mission to those related to internal support or provided benefit to the organization as a whole. Depending on the business type these expenses can be referred to as 'overhead', 'SG&A' (sales, general and admin), or 'general admin'. In my particular business our challenge was to contain our SG&A to less than 18% of our overall cost. Note that our SG&A calculation had no tie to revenue. It was a cost measurement on how well we ran the business. With policing  I would assume direct facing costs would include officers on patrol, involved in investigations or involved with court duties, etc. Where support costs, General and Administrative, are expenses that benefit the organization as a whole. G&A would include elements such as supervisor roles such as chief, deputy chief, inspectors, HR, payroll, communications or public relations officers, media relations, legal costs, real-estate, etc. Does your police force use any such metric?

No, the OPP police force does not use any such metric. Salaries and benefits comprise a significant portion of the OPP policing budget, averaging 85% as compared to 15% for direct operating expenses. This percentage breakdown is consistent with other police agencies in Ontario and Canada and is common to many professions that require the intense use of available human resources to meet their mandates. If you refer to the proposal presented to the Town, total salary and benefits equals $6.9 M, support staff and ODOE equals $1.2M. The salary and benefits represent almost 86% of the entire cost.

3. If the OPP takes over policing for the town, would they also be tasked with enforcing bylaws? e.g. I'm asking this as a result of a situation that my wife and I brought to the attention of the OPS. There have been 3 very large dogs, Mastiffs, getting loose on a frequent basis over the period of a year. These dogs have attacked and sent other dogs to the vet as well as having knocked down adults in the street on more than one occasion. The SPCA usually is the point of contact but they only will come out during business hours Monday through Friday. I'm not sure if this is just an Orangeville rule. So when we have left a message on the SPCA's after hours line on a weekend or after hours, they have called back and told us to call the OPS. With these dogs contained in our back yard, the OPS officers have told us that the only thing they can do is call the owner to come get their dogs. This only works if the dogs have tags and or contact info on them which they haven't. From a public safety standpoint, would the OPP enforce the town's bylaws and deal with these animals after business hours and on the weekend?

Should your municipality accept the OPP Contract Proposal, the agreement with the Town of Orangeville will specify that the OPP shall provide police services, including the enforcement of mutually agreed upon policing related bylaws. Municipal Building Code violations and those bylaws related to animal control do not form part of the agreement, as our members do not have the training nor the appropriate equipment or resources to enforce those by-laws. Having said that, if a public safety issue exists in relation to animals, OPP officers will attend to deal with the situations as necessary. Many municipalities have found it to be more cost effective to have their own bylaw enforcement officers.

2. Regarding the $46 million budget cut to the OPP Budget recently announced. How will this budget cut affect services, and the cost of services, OPP currently provides to municipal police services? How will this budget cut affects the costs to municipalities that are currently in the billing model?

Contract proposal costs provided to municipalities and the OPP cost recovery method for municipalities currently in the billing model are not affected by the announcement. Currently the messaging is coming from the Ministry level. The Ministry has stated that no officers will be losing their jobs and that the reductions will be achieved by streamlining corporate offices and improving vehicle maintenance so the fleet lasts longer. Also mentioned is that the cuts appear to primarily impact OPP field and traffic services – these are areas that fall under the provincial side.

1. Will OPP enforce Town By-laws? At the billing model presentation there was a comment from a resident that they would not?

In consultation with the Police Service Board (PSB) and the Detachment Commander, ‘policing-related’ by-laws can be enforced by the OPP. It is up to the PSB and the Detachment Commander to decide which by-laws will be enforced by OPP. This should be reviewed annually by the PSB. There are certain by-laws that the OPP will NOT enforce, like building and animal control by-laws as OPP is not trained or have the appropriate equipment to enforce. It is more cost efficient for municipalities to retain by-law enforcement officers in some areas, but if e.g. noise and/or parking enforcement in required outside of the hours a by-law enforcement officer works, OPP will respond. In year 4 (post transition contract), by-laws enforcement are billable calls for service.